Unlock every child’s potential

SDG 10 : Reduced inequalities
Reduce inequality within and among countries

Mahidol University was funded by Austrian government to conduct an equity study by examining a representative sample of children in Migrant Learning Centers (MLC) in Mae Sot, Phob Phra and Tha Song Yang, and compares them to children studying in nearby Thai Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) Centers. The project aims to ensure migrant children are able to access a quality basic education and that communities support children’s learning. The study applied the International Development and Early Learning Assessment (IDELA) to measure 418 children’s developmental status and the IDELA-Home Environment tool to interview 333 caregivers about their family and home characteristics. The conclusion was that actual child development did not appear to vary much between MLCs and Thai ECCD Centers. However, there were large and significant gaps in their home characteristics. Children studying in MLCs come from significantly more disadvantaged backgrounds. Children studying in MLCs are less likely to own common home possessions, have access to fewer learning resources, and have fewer positive learning interactions than their peers in Thai ECCD centers. These same children also experience higher levels of harsh discipline (hitting, spanking, and yelling), more time outside the care of an adult, and have less-educated parents. Further study is recommended to clarify complex relationship between development and background