ชายฝั่งทะเลไทย: ความเปราะบาง ความยืดหยุ่น และการปรับตัวของบริเวณชายฝั่งทะเลในประเทศไทย

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Thai-coast research will benefit government and policymakers, who need to plan for potential impacts caused by climate change and develop resilient strategies to deal with their impacts on natural-social systems. 

In Thailand the problems of coastal erosion and flooding require immediate solutions because they affect more than 11 million people living in coastal zone communities (17% of the country’s population).

The Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR), in the Thai Government’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, has calculated that each year erosion causes Thailand to lose 30 km2 of coastal land.

The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning predicts that sea level will rise by 1 meter in the next 40 -100 years, impacting at least 3,200 km2 of coastal land, through erosion and flooding, at a potential financial cost to Thailand of 3 billion baht [almost £70 million] over that time-period. The Thai-coast project addresses the urgent need to enhance the resilience and adaptation potential of coastal communities, applying scientific research to inform more robust and cost-effective governance and institutional arrangements.

 

The Thai-coast project aims to:

  • Establish causal links between climate change, coastal erosion and flooding;
  • Use this information to assess the interaction of natural and social processes in order to:
  • Enhance coastal community resilience and future sustainability.

 

The project focuses on two study areas, Nakhon Si Thammarat province and Krabi province, selected on the basis of DMCR coastal erosion data and with contrasting natural and socio-economic characteristics. The Thai-coast project uses a multidisciplinary approach, integrating climate science, geomorphology, socio-economics, health and wellbeing science and geo-information technology to improve understanding of hydro-meteorological hazard occurrence, their physical and socioeconomic, health and wellbeing impacts on Thailand’s coastal zone and the ways in which governance and institutional arrangements mitigate their impact. We will examine future scenarios of climate change hydrometeorology, coastal landform and land use change scenarios and assess and model impacts (coastal erosion, river-marine flooding, impacts on health and well-being), as well as population and community’s adaptation, and socio-economics scenarios for sustainable development goals (sustainable cities, health-related quality of life and well-being, good governance). Our collaborative team of natural and social scientists, from UK, US and Thai research institutions, have complimentary, cutting-edge expertise and will work closely with Thai Government and UK and Thai industry partners to ensure that results are policy and practice-relevant.

Thai-coast research will benefit government and policymakers, who need to plan for potential impacts caused by climate change and develop resilient strategies to deal with their impacts on natural-social systems. It will provide a link with government agencies for business/industry interests in the coastal zone of Thailand in tourism, aquaculture and associated industry and business, to assess their needs and help improve their understanding of coastal resilience in their strategic investments and management. The wider public, who inhabit Thailand’s coastal communities either permanently or temporarily for work or leisure, will benefit through the advanced knowledge and awareness of identified problems and learning processes to address them. The results of the Thai-coast project will benefit coastal communities more broadly, in all Thai coastal provinces, through its contribution to more robust, cost effective, governance and institutional arrangements.

 

Objectives

Thai-coast project research is organized around three key aims, each with a specific set of objectives:

Key aim 1: Enhance coastal community resilience and future sustainability under climate change scenarios (WP 5 and 6).

Key aim 2: Use the quantitative links developed in WP 1 and 2 to assess the interaction of natural and social processes under current and future climate change (WP 3, 4, 5)

Key aim 3: Establish quantitative links between climate change, coastal erosion and flooding (WP 1 and 2).

 

Work package 1: Baseline assessment of hydro-meteorological boundary conditions

Work package 2: Scenario modelling and hazard assessment

Work package 3: Socio-economic impact assessment, coping mechanisms and resilience

Work package 4: Coastal vulnerability assessment

Work package 5: Good governance, resilience and sustainable coastal communities

Work package 6: Impact through public engagement, dissemination and dialogue between policy-makers and coastal communities

 

Partners/Stakeholders

Foreign Government Agencies:

- Egypt's Ministry of Environment 

- Key Laboratory Of River and Coastal engineering, Vietnam

- Vietnam Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources (VIGMR)

- Science and Technology Division in Vietnam

International organizations:

- Center for Biodiversity Conservation and Endangered Species

- GIZ

- Green Climate Fund , United Nations Development Programme

- Myanmar KOEI International Co. Ltd.

- Vietnam National Space Center (VNSC)

Government agencies in Thailand:

- Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Thailand

- Department of Marine and Coastal Resources

- Department of Mineral Resources

- Department of Land Development

- Environmental Research and Training Center (ERTC)

- Hydro – Informatics Institute (HII)

- National Research Council of Thailand

- Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning

- Office of National Higher Education Science Research and Innovation Policy Council

- Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council

- Royal Irrigation Department

- Thai Meteorological Department

- GISTDA

Academics:

- BOKU, Austria

- Duy Tân university, Vietnam

- Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Vietnam

- Hanoi University of Natural Resources and Environment (HUNRE)

- Madhyanchal Professional University, India

- Nagasaki University, Japan

- National Central University, Taiwan

- Vietnam Maritime University (VMU)

- VNU Hanoi University of Science

- University of Manchester, UK

Academics in Thailand:

- Chulalongkorn University

- Coastal Oceanography and Climate Change Research Center (COCC)

- Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ramkhamhaeng University

- Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, Thailand

- Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University

- Thammasat University

Regional organizations in Thailand:

- North Andaman Network Foundation, Thailand

- Provincial Office of Natural Resources and Environment Nakhon Si Thammarat

- The Council of Scientific and Technological Associations of Thailand (COSTAT)

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